Everest Base Camp Trek necessary information before to go Nepal

Everest Trekking

Nepal Visitors

A trek to Everest Base Camp is one of the most amazing adventures in the world and has become a Mecca for adventure travel enthusiasts. Just imagine standing at the point where so many expeditions have left on their way to the summit of the highest mountain in the world. The trek ventures deep into the Himalayas with amazing views of many of the world's highest and most beautiful mountains. Not only can you enjoy the breathtaking views across the Khumbu icefall, but you can experience all the amazing landscapes and culture that Nepal has to offer too. A trip to Everest Base Camp is a real adventure taking you from the bustling Nepalese capital of Kathmandu, via a small aircraft, to Lukla and the start of the trek up the Khumbu Valley. The trek passes through many Sherpa villages, including the famous trading centre of Namche Bazar, as well as visiting Buddhist monasteries along the way.

The Everest Base Camp trek is arguably the most famous trekking route in the world and this is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to see some of the most breathtaking scenery imaginable. Nepal is a fascinating country and the trek gives an insight into the lives and culture of the Sherpa people. Our ascent is steady and well paced to best suit the acclimatization needed. Sunrise on the snow capped peaks above the Khumbu Glacier is an unforgettable sight from the summit of Kala Pattar. Everest Base Camp Trekking is one of the world’s classic treks, taking you through picturesque and welcoming Sherpa villages, past ancient Buddhist monasteries, glaciers, dramatic cliffs and valleys until finally you reach your destination and marvel at the awe-inspiring scale of the Everest massif. Everest Base Camp Trek  is one for the lover of high places and those wanting to push themselves to the limit. It is a tough challenge and not to be taken lightly with generally well graded paths but some tougher sections along the Khumbu glacier. It is suitable for fit people who are used to walking in the Irish hills and is a good first trek in Nepal.

Day-to-day itinerary
There are far too many amazing sights and experiences to describe on a walking to Everest base Camp but below is a basic day-to-day itinerary with some of the highlights. Please note this itinerary is a guide only and may vary depending on the mountain tour operator you travel with.

There are two times of year when conditions are most favourable for a trek to Everest Base Camp, either in the pre-monsoon springtime or the post monsoon autumn. Although, it is possible to join Treks that run almost all year round. The weather you will experience on Everest is extreme and rather unpredictable so it is best to be prepared for all eventualities. Spring is the high season for trekking, but warmer weather can mean there is a larger cloud cover, which obscures many of the fantastic views that are part of this once in a lifetime trek. For those willing to brave the colder temperatures of autumn and winter this is not such a problem.

A large problem on Everest is that as you reach higher altitudes the oxygen content of the air dramatically decreases. At 20,000ft there is only half as much oxygen in the air as you are used to and by the summit oxygen is reduced to only a 1/3.

Everest Base Camp Trekking Equipments :
* Down Sleeping Bag
* Down Jacket
* Long sleeved shirt
* Jumper or fleecy jacket
* T - shirts
* Trekking shoes or boots
* Comfy shoes for around the camp
* Mountain trekking boots
* Polypropylene/wool socks
* Light cotton socks for under wool socks
* Rucksack
* Sun hat, Woolen hat,
* Gloves, Sun block for lips,
* Goggles or sunglasses, Long underwear,
* Insulated pants, Nylon windbreaker,
* Nylon wind pants, Water bottle, Sewing,
* kit Medical, first aid kit, Flash light,
* Batteries and bulbs, Swiss army
* knife, Towel and toiletries

How fit do I have to be?
Everest Base Camp trek considered as a strenuous trekking route in Nepal, but that does not mean that you require any previous trekking or mountaineering experience. As you are trekking to the Everest Base Camp not Mount Everest; it is not required that you have any technical experience, only that you be in good physical conditioning and are able to walk for four to six hours over hilly terrain with a light bag pack and some healthy lungs. It’s advised to stop every so often for rest and to take in the scenery around you

Best season for Everest Base Camp trek

September- October and November are really Nepal’s best trekking months-presents outstanding weather, and clear mountain scenery. This season would be the best selection to travel around Nepal.

March-April and May Is another best season for Everest base camp trekking - dissimilar mixture of wild flowers, particularly the Rhododendrons make the hill side hunting paradise. It is generally cozy and Himalaya’s outlooks are exceptional temperature is fairly moderate. Spring season is also expedition season around Nepal Himalaya.

Acclimatization / High altitude suggestions
Acclimatization / High altitude suggestions
In preparing to go trekking in the Himalayas of Nepal where the altitude of many trekking routes reaches 5,000 -5,700 meters above sea level, while trekking summits are located at altitudes of 6,100 -6,400 meters, it’s important that you’re aware of the possible physical risks and know how to recognize the symptoms of high altitude sickness, as well as ways how to “treat” this potentially serious ailment.

So what is high altitude sickness and how does it manifest itself? Called also Mountain Sickness, Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) or Altitude Illness is the human body’s reaction to atmospheric pressure and a reduction of the concentration of oxygen present in the air. As you climb higher into the mountains, your body gradually adapts to the reduced amount of oxygen in the air. The appearance of high altitude sickness symptoms shows that your body has increased its altitude level faster than it can acclimatize to the corresponding change in atmospheric pressure and reduction in oxygen. In trekking, altitude acclimatization processes are different for each trekker.

Whilst trekking in Nepal anyone can fall ill with high altitude sickness regardless of their body shape, experience and previous mountain trekking experience. There’s no need to fear high altitude sickness, but it’s very important that you know how to avoid it, how to recognize it and how to act correctly in the event that you encounter symptoms of altitude sickness.

In rare cases, symptoms of high altitude sickness may begin to appear starting from 2,400 meters above sea level, but an increased risk of high altitude sickness sets in starting from the 3,300 – 3,500 meter mark. The high risk or mountain zone starts from 5,500 meters. This is why mountain airports in Nepal like Lukla and Jomsom are located at an altitude of 2,700 -2,900 meters.

At altitudes above 3,000 meters, headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and shallow breath must be considered to be symptoms of high altitude sickness with the exception of cases in which there is another genuinely objective reason for these symptoms that is related to the trekker’s state of health before going trekking.
Nepal Visitors has designed Everest Base camp trek itinerary with high scale of consciousness of Acute Mountain sickness (AMS). Our suggestion would be walk slow, take rest quite a few places, drink enough water and don’t drink alcohol in high elevations. Be sure our leaders or guides will also have the general knowledge about AMS and also will be carrying medical kid box during the trek.

All type of international choice are available as the all lodge and tea house has experienced cook who can prepare quality pizza, Chips to Apple pie. You make pleasure from Nepali National food called “Dal Bhat”. Different type of breads, Hot chocolate & hot drinks are available. But it"s good to chose the fresh food during your travel.

What one piece of advice would I give to everyone doing this trip?
Take it slowly. It isn’t a race and the trek guides and Sherpa have everything under control. Going slowly helps your body to acclimatise and increases your chances of success. Also, make sure you are physically fit enough to be able to walk uphill for several hours at a time. (oh – and make sure your walking boots are well worn in!).

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