India is a land of diversities. Climatic , cultural and natural. The natural wealth of the country makes it a beautiful tourist attraction.There are numerous picturesque locations for excursions. The love and respect for nature in various forms is a cultural legacy. Andthis helps to maintain a healthy flora and fauna of India. Imagine the sight and sounds of a majestic elephant, a peacock's dance, the stride of a camel, the roar of a tiger. They are all unparalleled experiences in themselves.
80 national parks, 440 sanctuaries and 23 tiger reserves have been established by the Government of India in an attempt to conserve this vital resource of the untamed and unexpected world of wildlife.
All of these forest areas are crucial for the conversation of the endangered species and almost all these national parks and sanctuaries are famed for their very own unique wildlife species. So you can plan your trip depending on the type of animal/wildlife you wish to see. Some of the wildlife conserves which will give you a thrill of the Indian jungle with its sparkling beauty are mentioned here.
Ranthambore National Park
Situated in Sawai Madhopur district of southeastern Rajasthan it is one of the largest wildlife reserves of the Northern India and is home to many species. Ranthambore was once the hunting ground for the royal Maharajahs and now it is a famous national park attracting tourists from far off places. Majorly famous for the Indian National animal 'Tiger', it is a great place to see the majestic predators intheir natural habitat. Tigers can be easily spotted even during the day time.
The best time to visit Ranthambore is during October to March when the nature of the dry deciduous forests makes sightings common. No matter which time of the year you choose for a Ranthambore trip, make sure you go prepared to enjoy your vacation to the fullest.
Padam Talao is a lovely lake inside the Ranthambore National Park which offers you an amazing view of the beautiful Jogi Mahal situated right on the lake itself. Also, there is a huge Banyan tree near the lake which is said to be the second largest tree across India.
Gir Wildlife Sanctuary , Gujarat
Also known as 'Sasan Gir' this is a national park and wildlife sanctuary in Gujarat since 1965.
The only place in India where The King resides. Gir Wildlife Sanctuary has the last wild Asiatic lions in the world. Besides the Asiatic Lion, Gir supports a large population of Leopard, and other carnivores include Jungle Cat, Jackal, Striped Hyena, Common and Ruddy mongoose. The herbivores include Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Chowsingha, Chinkara and Wild Boar. Over 300 bird species have been recorded here.
The Protected Area is closed between June and October. Climatically, December to March is a good season, but April and May though very hot are by far the best months for wildlife viewing and photography. A 3-4 day stay to Gir optimises the chance of seeing a variety of wildlife including Lions.
In and around Gir's protected area we also have some temples of tourist interest like Kankai Mata and Tulsishyam, places of pilgrimage with hot springs. The modern temple of Somnath constructed recently on the site of the ancient temple is 45 kms away.
Nagarhole Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka
Nagarhole Wildlife Sanctuary in the state of Karnataka is probably one of the best places that will let you experience the wonders of nature in their most refined state. The Nagarahole National Park, also known as the Rajiv Gandhi National Park, was set up as a wildlife sanctuary in 1955 and later christened as a national park in the year 1988. It derives its name from two Kannada words ‘Naga’ meaning ‘snake’ and ‘Hole’ meaning ‘stream’. Elephants in particular are seen the most, and can be spotted merrily frolicking in their natural habitat.
The park is open all year round but the best time to visit would be between September and May.
Sunderbans National Park
Sundarbans National Park, the land where entire wildlife is embroidered to perfection, is situated in the Sundarban delta, the argest delta of the world. It is a magnificent tangle of mangrove jungle which is the only one of its kind in the world. It's spread over 54 islands and extends into neighboring Bangladesh.
This beautiful mesmerising place has three wildlife sanctuaries, one within the national park at Sajnekhali, as well as south of the park at Lothian Island and Haliday Island.
Sunderbans should be visited not just for the Royal Bengal Tiger, but for the sheer beauty of the mangrove forests. You may spot plenty of other wildlife including birds. In addition to tigers, the area is full of reptiles, birds, and other animals such as monkeys, wild boar, and deer. The river-steamers are ideal for lazily floating past the forests, they have food and restroom facilities as well.
Due to its proximity to the Bay of Bengal, Sunderban experiences very high humidity. Rainfall is quite heavy during monsoon, which last from mid-June to mid-September. After the monsoons, fair weather prevails until mid-March.
The best season to visit the Sunderban is between December and February.
Jim Corbett National Park
Situated in the foothills of the Himalayas, in the newly created state of Uttarakhand Jim Corbett is the haven for wildlife lovers in India. This is one of the most recognized and major tourist destinations in India. People from all over the world come here due to its beautiful attractions like clear water rivers, thick forest and different species of birds, animals and plants.The different habitat types of Corbett Park i.e. mountains, Sal forests, chaurs (grasslands), khair-sissoo forests, and rivers have their distinct assemblage of plants.
The best time to visit here is Mid-November to Mid-June.