April 19, 2011
Sarnath is 13 km. away from Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. This place is also known as Rishipatanam legends say the remains of saints, amny (Rishi) were buried here. The word God means to Sarnath 'of Deer'. A nice 'Deer Park' is here to preserve the deer. The 'Damek Stupa' built by Emperor Ashoka in Sarnath is the main attraction. It consists of a cylindrical tower 31 meters high on a huge rock with a diameter of 28 meters, a height of 12 meters. SRI. Buddha's first sermon was conducted here. The Ashoka Pillar with the 'Lion Capital' is located near the Stupa Damek. There is also a temple of Buddha next to the stupa. Sarnath is believed to be the first place where Buddha attained by the Buddha Gaya. So Sarnath became a major center of pilgrimage for Buddhists.
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The deer park, where the Buddha preached his first sermon, which is now called Sarnath. Lay forgotten ... until an English amateur archaeologist excavated the site in the nineteenth century. Found stupa and a pillar was originally erected by Emperor Ashoka in the third century BC. The largest stupa, called Dhamekh, was the place where the Buddha supposedly gave his first sermon, sitting with the Brahmins from Kapilavastu. Later, archaeologists discovered the shrine where the Buddha was apparently shielded from the rain, they also found the monasteries, which seemed to have been destroyed by a big fire. A temple built by Buddhist Anagarika Dharmapala of Sri Lanka now stands in place of the sanctuary. The ruins of the monasteries are in the midst of green lawns. The grounds also include a deer park and a zoo.
After achieve enlightenment in Bodh Gaya the Buddha went to Sarnath, and it was here that he preached his first sermon in the deer park to set in motion the wheel'Dharma \'. This is one of the most sacred sites, as in this place the stream of Buddha's first lesson flowed.