230 volts AC, 50Hz. Rectangular or round three-pin
plugs are used.
Swahili and English are the official languages. Several
indigenous languages are also spoken.
Waiters in the better restaurants should be tipped around 10%.
Guides, porters and cooks in the wildlife parks and on safari trips
expect tips. The amount is discretionary according to standard of
service and the number in your party.
Visitors to Zanzibar should be aware that it is a predominantly
Muslim area and a modest dress code, especially for women, should
be respected when away from the beach and in public places. Topless
sunbathing is a criminal offence. Smoking in public places is
Although Tanzanians come across as relaxed and friendly, it is
important to observe certain formalities, especially with
greetings. It is advisable to learn a few Swahili catch phrases
when greeting, followed by a handshake. Women and men rarely shake
hands in Swahili culture, however if the woman extends her hand,
the man is obliged. Tanzanians are to be addressed as Mr., Mrs.,
and Ms, followed by the family name. Business dress is seldom very
formal, however lightweight suits are recommended for formal
occasions. Business hours are similar to Western countries, but a
longer lunch break is taken during the hotter months, and business
continues later in the evening from Monday to Friday.
The international country dialling code for Tanzania, as well as
Zanzibar, is +255. The outgoing code is 000, followed by the
relevant country code (e.g. 00027 for South Africa). City/area
codes are in use, e.g. (0)24 for Zanzibar and (0)22 for
Dar-es-Salaam. International calls made from rural areas may have
to go through the operator. Mobile phones work in the main urban
areas and Zanzibar; the network operators use GSM 900 and 1800
networks. Travellers should contact their service provider to
ensure they have international roaming. Avoid making telephone
calls from hotels; they can charge as much as $10 per minute.
Internet cafes are available in the main towns and resorts.
Travellers to Tanzania do not have to pay duty on 250g tobacco
or 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars, 500ml of alcoholic beverages, and
473ml perfume. Restrictions apply to firearms, plants, plant
products and fruits.