Despite having been absorbed into Perth's urban sprawl,
Fremantle, popularly known as 'Freo', retains its own strong
identity and is a popular destination for day-trippers from Perth.
Its harbour was built in 1903 by CY O'Connor, who also constructed
the Goldfields pipeline before killing himself on a beach near
Fremantle. A bronze statue in CY O'Connor's honour stands in front
of the Fremantle Port Authority. The harbour has been substantially
revamped in recent years and is now filled with outdoor bars and
restaurants and has a laid-back, arty character. In 1987 the port
was the site of Australia's unsuccessful defence of the America's
Cup yachting trophy.