Swiss medical facilities and health care are among the best in
the world, but very expensive and health insurance is recommended.
Immunisation certificates are only required if the traveller has
been in an infected area within two weeks prior to arrival in the
country. There is a reciprocal health agreement with the UK and
most EU countries, whose citizens are entitled to free or low-cost
emergency medical treatment on presentation of a European Health
Insurance Card (EHIC). Medical insurance is advised for other
nationalities. Outbreaks of the deadly strain of bird flu were
confirmed in 2006, but no new cases or human infections have been
reported. The risk to travellers from bird flu is very low, but
close contact with live birds should be avoided, and all poultry
and egg dishes well cooked as a precaution.