Electrical current is 220 volts, 50Hz. Two-pin round
plugs are in use.
Arabic is the official language, but eight other
languages are also spoken including Berber, French and Spanish.
English is generally understood in the tourist areas, but French is
the most widely spoken.
A tip of 10 to 15% is expected in the more expensive bars and
restaurants, though some establishments include a service charge.
Most services are performed with the aim of getting a few dirham,
but aggressive hustling shouldn't be rewarded. Visitors should note
that tips are the only income for some porters and guides.
Violent crime is not a major problem in Morocco, but there have
been some incidents of theft at knifepoint in major cities and on
beaches. Sensible precautions such as avoiding badly lit streets at
night should be adhered to. Guides offering their services should
display an official badge from the local tourist authorities. Most
visits to Morocco are trouble-free; however, terrorist attacks have
occurred in the past and there is a general threat of kidnappings
in northern Africa, so visitors are advised to be vigilant. Be sure
to check with your travel agent or tour advisor about the current
political situation in Morocco before finalising your travel plans
- the area is potentially volatile, and political demonstrations
(although they are mostly peaceful) are not the kind of memory you
want to take with you from Morocco.
Morocco is a Muslim country and it is preferable to keep the
wearing of swimsuits, shorts and other revealing clothing to the
beach or hotel poolside. Women travelling alone will receive less
hassle if dressed conservatively. Smoking is practised widely, and
it is customary to offer cigarettes in social situations. Religious
customs should be respected, particularly during the month of
Ramadan when eating, drinking and smoking during daylight hours
should be discreet as it is forbidden by the Muslim culture.
Several foreigners were expelled in 2010 for alleged proselytising.
The giving and receiving of things, and the eating of food, should
only be done with the right hand, as the left is considered
unclean. Homosexuality is a criminal offence, and sexual relations
outside marriage are also punishable by law.
Business in Morocco has been influenced by France and therefore
tends to be conducted formally, with an emphasis on politeness.
Dress is formal, and women in particular should dress
conservatively. Most business is conducted in French, although some
English is spoken. It is best to ascertain before hand what
language the meeting will be in, and arrange an interpreter as
needed. Visitors are expected to be punctual, though meetings may
not start on time. Moroccans are friendly and enjoy socialising,
trust and friendship are important bases for business dealings so
be prepared to engage in small talk. A handshake is common when
arriving and departing. Women may encounter some sexism in
business, although this is starting to change. Most businesses are
closed on Fridays, and some are also closed on Thursdays.
The international access code for Morocco is +212. The outgoing
code is 00 followed by the relevant country code (e.g. 0044 for the
United Kingdom). City/area codes are in use, e.g. (0)44 for
Marrakech and (0)37 for Rabat. Hotels can add a hefty surcharge to
their telephone bills; it is best to check before making long
international calls. Two mobile GSM 900 networks cover the north of
the country. Internet cafes are widely available in tourist
Travellers to Morocco over 18 years do not have to pay duty on
200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 400g tobacco; 1 litre spirits and 1
litre wine; and perfume up to 5g.