The main health risks associated with visiting Belarus are
tick-borne encephalitis (for those who intend foot-slogging through
the forests), measles (outbreaks occur) and diphtheria, so
travellers should ensure they are vaccinated against these
diseases. There have also been recent cases of human rabies
infection in the rural areas, identified as originating with bites
from foxes, raccoon, dogs and cats. Visitors should not drink
unpurified tap water, unpasteurised milk or consume undercooked
food. Medical care is limited and essential medications are
frequently not available. Medical facilities lack modern equipment.
The best equipped are private clinics, which are available in
Minsk. Doctors and hospitals expect payment in cash. Travel health
insurance with air evacuation cover is highly recommended.