Six Bloomin’ Brilliant Gardens to Visit in Northern Ireland

northern ireland

Photos Credit: Janice Neider

When I was invited to join an international group of horticulture travel writers to tour the finest gardens around the Belfast area, I was sure that they had made a mistake. However, since I have the utmost appreciation for anyone with a green thumb, I decided to tag along and see just “how their garden grows.” Northern Ireland boasts one of the best gardening climates in the world, producing some of the most spectacular gardens in Europe. They run the gamut from classic formal gardens filled with carefully clipped topiary and manicured lawns, to untamed naturalistic gardens left to run a little wild. Many are located on grand estates which offer guided tours of historic houses and well-preserved castles, while others feature butterfly houses, strutting peacocks, pottery studios, challenging mazes, and authentic tea rooms. Tours are usually available and are led by exceedingly entertaining, enthusiastic horticulturalists and curators, eager to share their expert knowledge as well as some highly entertaining “dish” on the upstairs/downstairs antics of past generations.

northern ireland

Rowallane Garden-Saintfield, County Down

Rowallane is a National Trust property which is a UK conservation charity protecting historic places and significant gardens, opening them to the public. The 50-acre garden was started in the mid-1860s by the Reverend John Moore and features a walled garden, a natural Rock Garden Wood, wildflower meadows, a Farmland and Woodland Walk. It is particularly noted for its extensive collection of azaleas and rhododendrons.

Don’t miss the Handkerchief Tree, which takes 20 years before it flowers! It’s also called the “Ghost Tree” because it looks like spirits are floating overhead. Their beautiful Himalayan blue poppies are also quite unusual because they start out as a strange green color with hairy leaves and buds that magically open overnight, producing brilliant blue flowers. Pop into the pottery studio where you’ll find Matt Liddle working on his wheel, throwing magnificent smoke fired, ash glazed stoneware pottery that is available for sale. Afterward, head to the charming café in the old farm stable, for a spot of tea and scrumptious handmade scones. (Fun fact: I learned here that you never cut a scone in half with a knife. The proper way to eat one is to break off a small, bite-sized piece, slather it with jam and butter, eat and repeat.)  

northern ireland

Hillsborough Castle and Gardens: Main Street, Hillsborough

As you wander through 100 acres of gorgeous ornamental gardens and woodlands you'll discover endless hidden delights. Expect to see an impressive 150 year old Lime Tree walkway, Quaker burial ground, Ice House, Greek Temple and a tranquil lake surrounding the Hillsborough Castle. You’ll soon understand why Her Majesty The Queen chose this land to be the official residence of the Royal Family when they are in Northern Ireland. If the walls of this grand family home—built in the 1770s by Wills Hills, Ireland’s largest landowner—could talk, you’d hear how Benjamin Franklin’s five day stay here was filled with such animosity between the Hills and him that it sparked the American War of Independence!

During your guided tour of the castle you'll travel through the magnificent State Rooms, elegant dining room and the majestic Throne room, taking time to examine the photographs lining the wall, dating back to 1895. They include many notable visits by The Queen Mother, Princess Di, Prince Charles, Margaret Thatcher, and meetings between former Prime Minister Tony Blair and US Presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush. Don’t miss the magnificent ‘Cornish Red’ Rhododendron, which is in the Guinness Book of World Records as being the largest specimen of its type in the world.

northern ireland

Seaforde Gardens and Tropical Butterfly House: Seaforde Demesne, Seaforde

There’s nothing same ol’ same ol’ about Seaforde Gardens and Tropical Butterfly House. This becomes readily apparent as you are greeted by the raucous screech of the proudly preening iridescent-blue peacocks that freely roam the grounds. Climb the spiral stairs to the top of the Moghul Tower, an ideal spot for viewing the formal ornamental flower garden and the colorful collection of flora in the walled garden. This spot was formerly the kitchen vegetable garden for the Forde family home, which has resided in Seaforde for over 400 years. While you’re up there, have a quick peak at Ireland’s oldest maze.

Due to the mild climate, many semi-tender plants thrive here, as well as a variety of rare plants collected from the Far East. However, the real showpiece is the Tropical Butterfly House, a steamy, jungle-like glass house filled with hundreds of free-flying exotic butterflies, along with an assortment of parrots, reptiles, and tropical insects.

northern ireland

Castlewellan Forest Park and Peace Maze, The Grange, Castlewellan

Whether you choose to explore the unspoilt beauty of this eighteenth-century forest park by bike, kayak or foot, you’ll be captivated by the shimmering lakes (the largest is about one mile long and well stocked with trout for fishing). There is also the enchanting Victorian Castlewellan Castle built in 1856 by William Richard Annesley, and the dramatic beauty of the outstanding tree collection found in their National Arboretum.

The planting of the walled Annesley garden, the focus of the arboretum, began in the 1850s. Later, rare conifers and maples were brought in from Japan, as well as Chilean eucryphias, Australian athrotaxis and Chinese rhododendrons. The arboretum is filled with trees achieving record heights in the British Isles, such as a monstrous California Redwood. Another record breaker is the humongous three and a half kilometer Peace Maze, which once was the world's largest permanent hedge maze. In 2001, over 4000 school children and other volunteers gathered to plant the 6,000 yew trees that form the maze, representing the path to a peaceful future for Northern Ireland. 

northern ireland

Mount Stewart: Portaferry Road, Newtownards,

Possibly the best known garden of the bunch, Mount Stewart, is another National Trust property. The area has been rated as one of the top ten gardens in the world, according to the Telegraph. It has also been nominated for a potential UNESCO World Heritage site as "one of the most spectacular and idiosyncratic gardens of Western Europe and universally renowned for the 'extraordinary scope of its plant collections and the originality of its features, which give it world-class status." 

These imaginative, whimsical gardens were planted between the 1920s and 1950s by Lady Edith Vane-Tempest-Stewart, a remarkable woman of tremendous wealth, a highly influential social hostess, a published author, and head of the Women's Volunteer Reserve (WVR), a volunteer force of women replacing the men who went to the Front during WWI. A trendsetter ahead of her time, her long dresses hid a daring snake tattoo running up the entire length of her leg. Lady Londonderry's close friendship with Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald (said to be strictly platonic) was a source of much gossip in her time, although it actually was her husband who was a serial adulterer, which hurt Edith deeply. She coped with it by working in her garden creating such delights as the Shamrock Garden, with a nod to Irish mythology, the Spanish Garden with a small hut, the comparatively simple Peace Garden, the theatrical Dodo Terrace in the Italian Garden, and family’s private burial ground, Tir N’an Og, which means “Land of the Ever Young” in Gaelic. To commemorate the birth of her daughter, she designed Mairi’s Garden around a marvelous ‘Mary Mary, Quite Contrary’ statue, which is circled by silver bells and cockleshells.

You can easily fill an afternoon touring the grounds and the vast family mansion, which was recently reopened after a long restoration project. The opulent rooms are filled with family memorabilia including paintings, ceramics, furniture and porcelain brought back from the family's travels. Don’t miss the luxurious dining room where the couple frequently hosted dinner parties entertaining royalty and leading politicians including Prime Ministers Winston Churchill, Stanley Baldwin, and Neville Chamberlain.

northern ireland

Grey Abbey House and Gardens: Greyabbey, Newtownards

For a completely different, ”lived-in” look at estate life, visit Grey Abbey House and Gardens, home to the Montgomery family since 1607. William & Daphne Montgomery, a lovely, eccentric couple who currently reside there, graciously open their home and gardens for historical and horticultural groups by appointment. When we visited, Daphne warned us that the house (considered to be one of the finest Georgian country houses in Ireland) was a bit of a mess since a bunch of their grandkids had come for a sleepover, adding with a shrug, “But I can’t expect the children to come to a home with no soul. We’re just not into bling!”

northern ireland

Daphne took us on an extensive tour of the landscaped park, believed to be the first in Ireland, proudly pointing out their unique Southern Hemisphere collection with plants from Tasmania, New Zealand, South Africa, Argentina and Brazil, some of which have been collected by the present owners on their travels. There is also a walled garden, a vegetable garden, orchards filled with Victorian fruit trees, a late summer border and shrub rose border. The immense park also has a slate quarry, a lake filled with otters and swans, a granary, stable, and the atmospheric ruins of Grey Abbey itself, built in 1193. The gardens have been the site of several TV productions such as The Frankenstein Chronicles.

Janice Nieder

Janice Nieder could be the love child of Indiana Jones and Julia Child. She was a specialty food consultant for 12 years in New York, with a client list that included Tavern on the Green, Dean & Deluca and Sign of the Dove. After being bitten by the travel bug, her culinary adventures took her to over 90 countries, where she shared a smoked monkey dinner with a generous Shuar Indian family deep...(Read More)

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