There are no vaccination requirements for Venezuela, but those
who plan to travel in areas outside the main cities should be
immunised against yellow fever, Hepatitis A, and typhoid. Some
airlines travelling to Venezuela will insist on a yellow fever
certificate before boarding the plane, and travellers are advised
to check with their airline before travel. There is a risk of
malaria, particularly in jungle areas, but prophylaxis is not
necessary for travel to Caracas or the coastal areas. Medical
advice should be sought at least three weeks prior to departure.
Insect protection measures are vital to avoid both malaria and
dengue fever, which is on the increase. Mains water should not be
drunk, but bottled drinking water is available. Venezuela's
hospitals offer free emergency treatment, however the private
hospitals are better quality, though expensive. Public hospitals
suffer from a shortage of basic supplies, as do private hospitals
and clinics outside Caracas. Health insurance is advisable.