Electrical current is 230 volts, 50Hz. UK-style
three-pin and round three-pin plugs are in use.
English, Irish (Gaelic) is spoken in some Western
A 10% tip will be welcomed in restaurants and cafes, but tipping
is not usual in bars and pubs. Tipping is not common for other
Most visitors to Ireland enjoy a fairly high level of personal
safety. However, travellers should take sensible precautions
against petty theft. Terrorism is no more a threat than in other
Smoking in pubs, cafes and restaurants is illegal. Visitors
should refrain from forcing discussions of political and religious
differences, and show respect if the topics are brought up.
The Irish are very sociable and although the usual elements of
business etiquette apply (punctuality, formal wear, a courteous
manner), expect good conversation and a rather relaxed air.
Handshakes are customary on introduction, and take the lead from
the host with regards to using first names or surnames. Business
hours are usually from 9am to 5.30pm Monday to Friday, with a lunch
break from 1pm to 2pm.
The international access code for Ireland is +353 (do not dial
the first zero of the area code). The outgoing code is 00, or 048
for Northern Ireland, followed by the relevant country code (e.g.
0044 for the United Kingdom). City/area codes are in use, e.g. 1
for Dublin. The local mobile phone operators use GSM networks and
have roaming agreements with most international operators. Internet
cafes are available in the main tourist areas.
Travellers over 17 years arriving from non-EU countries do not
have to pay duty on 200 cigarettes, 100 cigarillos, 50 cigars, 250g
tobacco or a proportional mix of these; 1 litre spirits with more
than 22% alcohol volume, or 2 litres dessert wine with a maximum
22% alcohol content, or a proportional mix of these products, and 2
litres table wine; perfume up to 50g or 250ml eau de toilette; and
other goods for personal consumption to the value of EUR175 per
adult or EUR90 for children under 15 years. Prohibited items
include meat or dairy products or raw vegetables.