Travellers to Ethiopia are recommended to have hepatitis A and
cholera vaccines, as there have been recent outbreaks of these
diseases. Malaria is prevalent in the low lands (below
6,562ft/2,000m) and altitude sickness may affect travellers to the
highland areas such as Addis Ababa. Bilharzia is present in the
majority of lakes in Ethiopia and travellers are advised to drink
boiled or bottled water, as waterborne diseases are prevalent.
Medical facilities are poor outside of Addis Ababa, where hospitals
are available but medical supplies are erratic; visitors should
bring their own regular medications with them and arrange
comprehensive medical insurance before travel.