One of the most famous squares in Paris, Place Vendôme is linked with the history of France and was commissioned by King Louis XIV in 1685. Designed by Jules-Hardouin Mansart, the square is surrounded by mansions and salons right in the center of the capital. Luxury brands such as Boucheron, Van Cleef & Arpels, Chaumet, Cartier, Guerlain, and Chanel have all taken up residence among its corridors. It is also home to the Hotel Ritz and the Palais de l'Élysée (the President's residence). Place Vendôme was also the residence of such famous people as author Ernest Hemingway, composer Frédéric Chopin, author George Sand and Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald.